Specific: The Danish Army have
leased 11 Patria (former SISU) XA-185 from the Finnish
Army in an unspecified period of time. 4 vehicles will be
stationed at the forces in Bosnia, 4 in Kosovo and the
remaining 3 will stay in Denmark for training purposes.
The idea of leasing have never been tried in the Army
4 ambulances arrived in December. Another 4 will arrive
mid February 2002 and the remaining 3 mid March 2002.
The ambulances are scheduled to be superseded by
Mowag Piranha IIIC in February 2006.
Historical: Developed by Sisu Defense (now
Patria Vehicles OY) on a request from the Finish Defence
Forces in 1980. A prototype of the first model, the
XA-180, was handed over on October 31th. An order for a
total of 59 vehicles was places on the 22nd of December.
The first vehicles were delivered in August 1984.
The XA-180 developed into the XA-185 in 1994. Besides a
new engine and transmission, it features more firing
ports and crew hatches. Another improvement is the
fitting of a quick-camouflage system. That system
includes a camouflage net that reportedly makes it
virtually invisible to infra-red and radar observation.
Other known users are the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden.
Length: 7.36 m (287 inches).
Width: 2.90 m (113 inches).
Height: 2.78 m (108 inches).
Weight: 19.000 kg (41.800 lb.) - reduced to 16.000
kg (35.200 lb.) in terrain.
Armour: 6 - 12 mm.
Engine: 6-cylinder Valmet, type 612 DWI, turbo
charged, intercooler, liquid cooled.
Transmission: Automatic, Allison type MD 3560P.
Transfer case: N/A.
Electrical system: 24 volt, negative ground.
Tyres: 14.00 - R20.
without preparation: 1.80 m.
with deep water fording kit: N/A.
Fuel type: Diesel.
Fuel capacity: 290 liter (64 gallons).
Range: 250 km (156 miles).
Crew: 1 + 1.
Additional: The ambulance takes either 2
sitting and 2 stretcher-patients or 6 sitting and 1