Specific: The GMC CCKW-353 was
delivered as a part of the American aid program (MDAP) between 1951 - 1955. Typical role
for the GMC was transportation of cargo and personnel,
and workshop- or spare parts-van. Also used as a fuel
Delivered with short wheel base (GMC
kb)) as artillery-tractor for a 105 mm howitzer.
Historical: In 1939 the US Quartermaster Corps
invited a number of American truck manufacturers to
submit a bid for a 2 ½ ton 6 x 6 cargo vehicle. Of the
submissions the GMC ACKWX-353 was selected for production
and during 1940 2.466 trucks were made. The ACKWX-353
evolved from the commercial ACX-353 truck, with military
requirements like brush-guards and towing eyes added.
In February 1941, supplies of the Timken Wisconsin
split-type rear axles was supplemented by the stronger
GMC banjo-type axles, which meant re-designing most of
the rear drive-line. Trucks continued to be produced with
both types of rear axles throughout the rest of the
production period, in more-or-less equal quantities.
The vacuum-boosted brakes were replaced by the Bendix
"Hydro Vac" in early 1942. In May same year the
electrical system was upgraded from 25-amp positive
ground to 40-amp negative ground.
From April 1943 onwards all cargo trucks had an all wood
cargo body instead of the previous used steel type.
More than half a million "deuce-and-a-half"
were produced between 1941 and August 1945 by the Yellow
Truck & Coach Mfg Co. (from September 1943 General
Motors Truck & Coach Division) and the St. Louis plant of Chevrolet Division
of General Motors Corp (1942 onwards).
Majority were cargo trucks, but numerous other body-types
like compressor truck, petrol tanker and water tanker
were made. Also supplied from the factory as chassis-cab
for use by specialist body builders. They were supplied
with civilian style closed cap until August 1942 - then
with the standardised open military cab.
The CCKW-353 in the US Army was replaced by the M35
starting around 1950/51.
Length: 6.85 m (270 inches).
Width: 2.23 m (88 inches).
Height: 2.79 m (110 inches).
Weight: 9.202 kg (20.450 lb.).
Engine: GMC 270 6-cylinder, 4.425 cm3 (270 cubic
inches) displacement, liquid cooled, carburettor.
Horsepower: 94 at 3.000 rpm.
Transmission: 5-speed, Warner.
Transfer case: 2 speed, GM (banjo) or Timken
Electrical system: 6 volt, negative ground.
Brakes: Hydraulic, vacuum assisted (GMC-Bendix).
Tyres: 7.50 - 20.
without preparation: 0.76 m (30 inches).
with deep water fording kit: N/A.
Fuel type: Petrol.
Fuel capacity: 182 liter (40 gallons).
Range: 480 km (300 miles).
Additional: Vehicle shown mounted with
ST5 non-collapsible body. The ST6 body were used in
different configurations like Artillery Repair M9A1,
Automotive Repair M8A1, Electrical Repair M18A1,
Instrument Repair M10A1 (Load A), Instrument Bench M23,
Machine Shop M16A2 (Load A), Machine Shop M16A1 (Loads B,
B1, B2), Signal Corps General Repair M31, Signal Corps
Repair M30, Small Arms Repair M7A2 and Tire Repair M32.
The ST5 version were classified as Limited Standard by
Ordnance Committee action in November 1942 and February
1943. They were Artillery Repair M9, Automotive Repair
M8, (Loads A and B), Electrical Repair M18, Instrument
Repair M10 (Loads A and B); Machine Shop Repair M16
(Loads A, B, C, D and F), Small Arms Repair M7, Spare
Parts M14 (Loads A and B), Tool and Bench M13 and Welding
All bodies were all metal, had 6 windows in each side,
one at the front and two at the rear. Side windows could
all be opened and all were protected by heavy brush guard
and screen wire. All windows were provided with black-out
curtains. A heating and ventilation were provided so the
truck could be used under all climatic conditions.
Standard equipment included a ladder for access to the
rear of the unit and an electric light-system having a
black-out arrangement which automatically turned of the
light when the door was opened.
Some vehicles were equipped with Gar Wood (type 2-U512)
or Heil (type JJ-104-B, 125G or 125G1) 5-ton mechanical
The designation CCKW translates to "C" =
designed in 1941, "C" = conventional cab,
"K" = all-wheel-drive and "W" = dual
powered rear axles.
CCKW-353 GS (19
GMC CCKW-353 Mortar fire control (105 kb)
GMC CCKW-353 compressor (96 kb)
GMC CCKW-353 HF-radio (131 kb)
GMC CCKW-353 maintenance (34 kb)